News on Brain Injury
Researchers have been working hard to understand the human brain in the past few centuries. Yet, there is still a lot of unknown about the human brain that needs further understanding. This page is about the most recent news and discoveries of brain injury, from testing and imaging to treatments and preventions.
Meningeal lymphatic vessels were first discovered by Dr. Jonathan Kipnis and his colleagues from the University of Virginia in 2015. This discovery of the vessels explained the long-held concept of the absence of lymphatic vasculature in the CNS and led to a reassessment of basic assumptions in neuroimmunology.
On Jan. 11st, 2021, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted 510(k) clearance for i-STAT Alinity TBI plasma test, a rapid and the first handheld blood test to evaluate individuals with suspected mild traumatic brain injuries (TBIs), commonly known as concussions.
On January 17th, 2021, research is published on Brain, showing a computational model of brain injury with experimental studies on rats' brains.
"If we are able to send them home with a device, they can use it for life," said Jose Luis Contreras-Vidal, director of the Non-Invasive Brain Machine Interface Systems Laboratory at the University of Houston.
"There is evidence that traumatic brain injury affects women differently, but we need focused research efforts to get a full understanding of those differences to help improve prevention and treatment strategies," said Patrick Bellgowan, Ph.D., program director at NINDS.
Blue light from computers, smartphones, and TV screens is often thought to be harmful to people. However, according to research from the University of Arizona done in 2020, early morning blue light exposure therapy can aid the healing process of people impacted by mild traumatic brain injury.
Traumatic brain injury is one of the leading causes in death, especially in athletes. In order to protect the brain from impacts, on February 26, 2021, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorized marketing of Q-Collar, a non-invasive device intended to be worn around the neck of athletes aged 13 or older during sports activities.
After severe traumatic brain injury, if patients are still unresponsive after sedation, medical professionals and families must make a difficult decision on the treatment of patients due to lack of information. However, with this new study by the University of Birmingham, there might be a great solution to this dilemma.
PTSD, or Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, is a mental condition that negatively influences the lives of many. However, the specific causes of PTSD are unknown. Recently, a team at UCSD tested the correlation between smaller brain volume after TBI and the possibility of PTSD afterward. This study provided new insight into the research of PTSD and found a new biomarker of PTSD test.